Obtaining an authorization to introduce generic medicaments into the market before the expiration of a patent as well as transferring the authorization to third parties does not infringe patent rights in substances used in those medicaments. Nevertheless, the exploitation of such medicaments can only take place upon the expiration of the patent or the respective…

Conflicts between patents and generic medicaments are mandatorily solved by arbitration. Requests of authorization to introduce generic medicaments in the market (AIM) are published by the Portuguese Medicaments Office (INFARMED) and interested parties have a term of 30 days to oppose their industrial property rights. Upon the termination of the term, patents cannot be enforced…

The statute which provides that holders of industrial property rights can resort only to arbitration instead of directly resorting to state courts concerning provisional or interim measures (Article 2 of Law No 62/2011 of 12 December) is not contrary to the Portuguese constitution. However, the statute according to which a patent cannot be enforced against…

Arbitration courts established to resolve conflicts between patents and generic or reference medicaments do not have jurisdiction to decide on the validity of the patent, even when it is argued as a defence in an action for infringement. Transferring the authorization to introduce a generic medicament in the market to a third party is not,…