UPDATE with quotes of the press conference of Michel Barnier at the bottom of this blogpost
Will London’s pharmaceuticals and life sciences section of the Unified Patent Court have to be relocated post-Brexit? The EU will investigate this as part of the Brexit negotiations.
This has been reported by ScienceBusiness.net. According to the website, the EU’s chief Brexit negotiator, Michel Barnier, said ‘we are looking into it’, during a preview of the next round of Brexit talks last Wednesday. The talks will resume tomorrow.
Although the UK’s position in the Unitary Patent system post-Brexit is unclear and Prime Minister Theresa May has stated she wants ‘to take back control of our laws and bring an end to the jurisdiction of the European Court of Justice (CJEU) in Britain’, the UK is currently on its way to complete the ratification formalities of the Unified Patent Court Agreement. The process has been delayed by the general elections of 8 June 2017, but is expected to be finalized by the end of this year, and the UP system could launch in the first half of 2018.
Industry groups both in the UK and mainland Europe strongly support the UK’s continued participation in the UP system. An office in London for the UK’s local division and the chemical, pharmaceutical and life sciences section of the central division of the UPC, at Aldgate Tower, has already been chosen and fully equipped.
The position of the UK government and others has been that the UP system is not an EU system, despite the role of the CJEU (article 21 UPCA: (…) Decisions of the Court of Justice of the European Union shall be binding on the Court.) and that the United Kingdom can remain a member state of the Unitary Patent (UP) system after Brexit. Minister of IP, Jo Johnson, views the UPC as an international court, rather than an EU court and the UK’s Brexit white paper doesn’t mention the Unitary Patent. This all implied the UP project would not have to be on the agenda of the Brexit negotiations.
But Barnier’s remark seems to show the EU may think differently about this. According to ScienceBusiness: ‘Barnier’s words offer the strongest indication yet that it [London’s UPC section, ed.] could also leave the UK. This would deal a big blow to UK pharmaceuticals and life sciences, a sector in which the UK is a world leader.’
Still, the context of Barnier’s remark is not clear. Is the UPC really on the agenda of the Brexit talks? Or did Barnier merely react to questions of journalists with the most unspecific and safe answer he could think of: ‘we are looking into it’? Kluwer IP Law hopes to have more details on the story soon.
UPDATE: The transcript of the relevant part of a journalist’s question during the preview of 12 July in Brussels and Barnier’s answer, as translated in English by the EU interpreter, can be found hereunder.
Journalist: ‘First a question on the agencies, because in a few days the deadline will expire to present the candidatures for the two agencies that we have heard so far, but there is a third agency that we have not heard anything about, which is the EU Patent Court, which is one of the three courts that is based in London, and it is this long-awaited EU Patent Court. I do not know if your intention is that this court will remain in London or if this will come up at some stage during the negotiations. And another question (…)’
Michel Barnier: ‘These two points that you have just raised are not in my negotiating mandate. I could just give you that by way of an answer, but they are consequences of the British decision, they are not part of the mandate that I have. I don’t deal personally with the question of the agencies. The president, Mr. Juncker, confirmed that the Commission is available to do technical evaluation work, objective work, assessing the candidates (…) for the Medicines Agency and for the Banking Authority. (…)
There is other infrastructure, you’re quite right, there are other things related to being a member of the European Union and which are going to have to move because the United Kingdom has decided to leave the Union. All those things will be looked at, including the ones which are related to the patent, which I also know well, because when I was a Commisioner for the Internal Market, it was something I proposed after 35 years of waiting for the Unitary Patent and to get it through, practically unanimously, through enhanced cooperation; this idea of a single patent and all the legal infrastructure that has to go with it.
We’re looking at the two agencies and we’ll look at other parts of the system which mechanically will have to leave the territory of the United Kingdom at the time when the UK is abandoning, of its own free will, its position as a member of the Union. (…)’
The video of the preview (sound of the English interpreter, the issue of the Unitary Patent system is raised around 14.22) is available here.
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